They reflect Reagan-era Cold War values. The Soviet Union as an evil empire and the superiority of American values and technology are all themes both of Clancy's thrillers and Reagan's rhetoric. Policy elites used these novels and the filming of one of them to promote their ideas of national security to the American public. Many scholars take an international perspective, linking the Reagan Era with the Thatcher Era in Britain.
As one scholar explained,. Historian Doug Rossinow reported in , "As of this writing, among academic historians, the Reagan revisionists—who view the s as an era of mixed blessings at worst, and of great forward strides in some renditions—hold the field".
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses. Home FAQ Contact. Reagan Era Wikipedia open wikipedia design. This article is about a periodization of recent American history. For the presidency, see Presidency of Ronald Reagan. Main articles: Presidency of Ronald Reagan and Reaganomics. See also: Presidency of George H.
United States portal s portal. The Nation. Retrieved 9 January Ronald Reagan. California gubernatorial election Republican presidential primaries Republican National Convention Ronald Reagan presidential campaign "There you go again" "Let's make America great again" United States presidential election "Morning in America" "Bear in the woods". In fiction In music U. Ronald Reagan statue, U. History of the United States.
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Great Depression Era. World War II. Post-war Era. Civil Rights Era. Very Good dust jacket. About this title Synopsis: HardCover Pub Date: Pages: in Publisher: Mcgraw-Hill With a presidency marked by rancorous sometimes a crippling bipartisanship that twice ought Congress to a standstill the Bill Clinton elicited strong feelings in friends and foes alike But often overlooked amid the heightened emotions was the fact that Clinton's ideas and policies uniquely idged the chasm between left and right to form a new worldview supporting fiscal responsibility.
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The bill also called for a new individual retirement account IRA called the Roth IRA to allow people to invest taxed income for retirement without having to pay taxes upon withdrawal. Additionally, the law raised the national minimum for cigarette taxes. The next year, Congress approved Clinton's proposal to make college more affordable by expanding federal student financial aid through Pell Grants, and lowering interest rates on student loans.
Clinton also battled Congress nearly every session on the federal budget, in an attempt to secure spending on education, government entitlements, the environment, and AmeriCorps—the national service program that was passed by the Democratic Congress in the early days of the Clinton administration. The two sides, however, could not find a compromise and the budget battle came to a stalemate in over proposed cuts in Medicare, Medicaid, education, and the environment.
After Clinton vetoed numerous Republican spending bills, Republicans in Congress twice refused to pass temporary spending authorizations, forcing the federal government to partially shut down because agencies had no budget on which to operate. In April , Clinton and Congress finally agreed on a budget that provided money for government agencies until the end of the fiscal year in October. The budget included some of the spending cuts that the Republicans supported decreasing the cost of cultural, labor, and housing programs but also preserved many programs that Clinton wanted, including educational and environmental ones.
President Clinton had by far the best budgetary results of any modern President, at least from President Reagan onward through President Obama. This pattern of raising taxes and cutting spending i. Their argument essentially goes like this: Although debt held by the public was reduced, the surplus funds paid into Social Security were used to pay those bondholders, in effect borrowing from one pocket future Social Security program recipients to pay down the other current bondholders , such that total debt rose. However, while this is true, this is also how the proverbial "math works" for all the other modern Presidents as well.
It is not accurate to discredit the exceptional fiscal austerity of the Clinton era relative to other modern Presidents, which nevertheless coincided with a booming economy by virtually any measure. It is also relevant to point out that this booming economy occurred despite Republican warnings that such tax increases on the highest income taxpayers would slow the economy and job creation. Perhaps the boom would been even greater if larger deficits had been run, but this was not the argument made at the time.
This program replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children AFDC program, which had open-ended funding for those that qualified and a federal match for state spending. To receive the full TANF grant amounts, states had to meet certain requirements related to their own spending, as well as the percentage of welfare recipients working or participating in training programs. This threshold could be reduced if welfare caseloads fell. The law also modified the eligibility rules for means-tested benefits programs such as food stamps and Supplemental Security Income SSI.
As a result, states had accumulated surpluses which could be spent in future years. States also had the flexibility to use these funds for child care and other programs. The law's effect goes far beyond the minor budget impact, however. The Brookings Institution reported in that: "With its emphasis on work, time limits, and sanctions against states that did not place a large fraction of its caseload in work programs and against individuals who refused to meet state work requirements, TANF was a historic reversal of the entitlement welfare represented by AFDC.
If the reforms had their intended effect of reducing welfare dependency, a leading indicator of success would be a declining welfare caseload.
TANF administrative data reported by states to the federal government show that caseloads began declining in the spring of and fell even more rapidly after the federal legislation was enacted in Between and , the caseload declined about 60 percent. The number of families receiving cash welfare is now the lowest it has been since , and the percentage of children on welfare is lower than it has been since The report concluded that: "The pattern is clear: earnings up, welfare down.
Clintonomics - How Bill Clinton Reengineered the Reagan Revolution (Electronic book text)
This is the very definition of reducing welfare dependency. Clinton made it one of his goals as president to pass trade legislation that lowered the barriers to trade with other nations. He broke with many of his supporters, including labor unions, and those in his own party to support free-trade legislation. Opponents argued that lowering tariffs and relaxing rules on imports would cost American jobs because people would buy cheaper products from other countries.
Clinton countered that free trade would help America because it would allow the U. Clinton also believed that free trade could help move foreign nations to economic and political reform. The Clinton administration negotiated a total of about trade agreements with other countries. Clinton's last treasury secretary, Lawrence Summers, stated that the lowered tariffs that resulted from Clinton's trade policies, which reduced prices to consumers and kept inflation low, were technically "the largest tax cut in the history of the world.
Bush during December , pending its ratification by the legislatures of the three countries. Clinton did not alter the original agreement, but complemented it with the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation and the North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation, making NAFTA the first "green" trade treaty and the first trade treaty concerned with each country's labor laws, albeit with very weak sanctions.