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Brazil-Democracy 2.

H-Diplo Roundtable XVIII, 25 on Camelot and Canada: Canadian-American Relations in the Kennedy Era

Brazil-Citizenship 3. International Relations,3, ,29 , September The study of regional powers has become an increasingly prominent part of debates in the academic field of International Relations IR , particularly regarding their role in creating the conditions for international security. While the IR literature tends to focus on the causal effect of material and ideational factors to explain the policy of regional powers, this article uses an interpretive approach, centring on the study of historical representations.

Through a comparative analysis of the foreign policies of Brazil and Nigeria since the s, it argues that a focus on the traditions and dilemmas of regional powers enables a better explanation of their policy, one which illustrates how material factors are refracted through the representations of foreign policy elites in the two countries and expressed in their foreign policy practices as regional powers.

Brazil-Foreign policy 2. Nigeria-Foreign policy 3. Brazil-Regional security governance 4. Nigeria-Regional security governance Foreign Policy Analysis,4, — ,11 , October This article sets out how secondary powers in South America—that is, Argentina, Chile, and Venezuela—see Brazil as a regional power, as well as Brazil's strategy of using its regional powerhood to further its own ambitions of becoming a global power on the international stage.

The article assesses the expectations of these three countries, specifically in terms of what kind of roles they attribute to Brazil. Following this empirical interest, the article develops a role theoretical framework for understanding the importance of Others' expectations for the role con-ception and enactment of the Self. Brazil-Foreign policy-Argentina 2.

Brazil-Regional power 3. Brazil-Foreign policy-Chile 4.

The struggle between superpowers

Brazil-Foreign policy-Venezuela Third World Quarterly,9, ,36 This article examines transformations of the role of religion in Brazil, focused on two transitions within the national political economy. A Gramscian framework of analysis is used to investigate the shift from import substitution industrialisation to neoliberalism, and the varying role of religion within class struggles in each period.

The article examines ideas, institutions and social forces, with particular attention to the Landless Workers Movement and its relationship with Liberation Theology.

Foreign Affairs Documentation Bulletin (December 2015)

Brazil-Passive revolution 2. African Affairs : The Journal of the Royal African Society,, , , October This briefing sheds light on the trigger of the violence as well as the longer-term context of the ongoing crisis in Burundi.

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The American Historian: Why World War I Matters in American History

The Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement of August is a major point of reference for the analysis of the contestation around President Nkurunziza's third-term ambitions, and for the larger picture of Burundi's transition process. The Arusha Agreement was the first in a series of peace agreements that put an end to over a decade of civil strife, which was in important ways an identity-based conflict.

This negotiated transition from conflict to peace was based on two types of power sharing. On the one hand, it involved a classic deal to share political and military positions between incumbents and insurgents. On the other, and to a greater extent than anywhere else on the African continent, consociational mechanisms were used to re-engineer state institutions on the basis of ethnic power sharing. Burundi-Politics and government 2. Burundi-Presidential elections 3. Burundi-Power sharing Pacific Affairs,4, ,88 , December Central America remains among the poorest subregions of Latin America, and many Central American countries are among the hemisphere's most dependent upon primary-product exports.

Unlike other commodity exporters in Latin America, however, Central American countries have not benefitted from booming Chinese demand for primary products. We use a series of measures to assess Central American countries' trade structure, and find that they face increasing competition from Chinese products in third-country markets like Mexico but also little complementarity with Chinese demand unlike Argentina or Chile. Central American countries continue to be very dependent upon the US market for exports—and, to a lesser extent, for foreign direct investment and foreign aid inflows—though dependence upon the US has slipped even as most of the countries in the subregion have entered into a preferential trade agreement with the US.

The pattern of exports has shifted from agricultural to assembly plant manufactures in several countries, and Costa Rica now exports sophisticated manufactured products to the US and China alike. We explore the role that diplomatic relations may have played in Central America's tepid China trade: all Central American countries save Costa Rica since recognize Taiwan and not the People's Republic of China.

We end with some considerations of development strategies in the region. Central America-Trade relations-China 2. Central America-Economic development 3. International Relations,3, ,29 , September This article examines why and how China upgraded its engagement with the European Union EU in the years between and , with reference to pre-existing foreign policy traditions and practices in reform-era China.

Limited Accommodation, Perpetuated Conflict: Kennedy, China, and the Laos Crisis, 1961–1963

It argues that most of the observed changes can be explained with reference to two dynamics. In this sense, the shift towards the EU was part of wider efforts to solve this dilemma. To supplement this main claim, the article also critically evaluates the changes less well explained by these two dynamics and proposes additional explanations. China-Foreign policy 2. China—European Union relations 3.

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But is such alarm justified? This article aspires to lift the fog on China's engagement with Latin America. The article finds that mutual concerns over economic development, not military advantage, are the driving force behind closer Sino-Latin American relations. Nonetheless, it is indisputable that China's presence in the Southern Hemisphere impacts the region's geopolitical dynamics, with possible consequences for the US security position.

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That said, China's arrival in Latin America also harbours a positive strategic opportunity for Washington to re-engage, on a more equal footing, with a continent whose relations with the US have been historically troubled, and more recently, have suffered from a certain neglect. China-Foreign relations-Latin America 2.

USA-foreign relations-Latin America 3. Third World Quarterly,9, ,36 The emergence of China as a development actor across the global South has raised significant questions regarding the extent to which the country presents new development opportunities to its compatriots in the South. China-Growth and development 2. China-Economic development 3. Third World Quarterly,10, ,36 The EU has loudly voiced its intention to facilitate poverty reduction and democratisation in North Africa.

These are seen as a vital response to the Arab Spring — integrating North African countries into the globalised economy. The prospect of de-industrialisation in the wake of FTAs will do much to entrench economic asymmetries between the European metropole and its neighbours. European Union-Neighbourhood policy 2. European Union-Free trade agreement-Morocco 3. European Union-Free trade agreement-Tunisia 4. Foreign Trade Review,4, ,50 , November The degree of transmission of the exchange rate fluctuations to domestic prices manoeuvres the monetary policy actions in order to contain the inflationary pressure on the economy.

The study intends to analyze the exchange rate pass-through to import and domestic prices in India after the global financial crisis applying unrestricted VAR model and innovation accounting tools such as impulse response functions and variance decomposition. The empirical study has been undertaken from April to May considering eight variable VAR consisting of oil prices, output gap, the exchange rate, interest rate, money supply, import prices, wholesale prices and consumer prices in India. Incomplete pass-through to import and domestic prices has been encountered and the transmission of pass-through declines along the distribution chain of pricing.

The magnitude of pass-through is high for import prices and moderate to wholesale and consumer prices. The variance decomposition results reveal that industrial output, interest rate and money supply impact domestic prices to a greater extent in India. India-Economy 2. India-Exchange rates 3.

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Third World Quarterly,10, ,36 After discussing the various points of departure suggested by scholars of development, this paper argues that, in the context of India, one way out of the post-development impasse lies in shifting the focus from development politics to the workings of the developmental state on the ground, and to change the methodological vantage point to ethnography. It is suggested that this change in approach would provide fresh insights into the workings of the developmental state and into the process of development in India.

India-Ethnography 2. India-Political society 3. Pacific Affairs,4, ,88 , December This article challenges the validity of recent suggestions that shared history underpins India-Australia relations through an historical analysis of little-known diplomats who worked for the Indian High Commission in Australia and the Australian High Commission in India immediately after Indian independence.

The Empress Who Ruled The World (Chinese History Documentary) - Timeline

Based on largely unexplored archival material from India, Australia, and Canada, it argues that Australia's racialized identity, as expressed through the White Australia policy, thoroughly shaped Indian perceptions of Australia. While Indian policy makers never officially voiced their distaste for White Australia, Indian diplomats put their efforts into reshaping the image of India in Australia through travel and personal contacts as part of an effort to educate Australia about India.

Likewise, Australia's colonial identity led it to see India and Indian foreign policy as "irrational" due to its emphasis on racial discrimination and decolonization. It is argued that, far from underpinning the relationship, colonial histories and subsequent postcolonial identities have played an important role in fracturing India-Australia relations. India-Foreign relations-Australia 2. In addition, the EU is not interested in supporting the status quo in its gas and LNG policies and decided to decrease its huge dependency on Russian gas. Iran-Liquid natural gas 2.

European Union-Energy security 3. The article argues that, while the usual attempts to profit at the expense of other groups in society are still present and external patrons still wield great influence, the decision to postpone the elections also demonstrates a degree of pragmatism and political development since, despite dire predictions to the contrary, Lebanon has not succumbed to the return of its own civil war. Instead a complex mixture of pragmatism, elision of interests and external influence, combined with local agency, has led Lebanon into a situation of stable instability.

Lebanon-Parliamentary election, 2. Europe-Asia Studies,8, ,67 , October This article examines whether fiscal decentralisation in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia between and has been achieved at the expense of economic and territorial cohesion. The article argues that unless carefully designed and implemented, fiscal decentralisation reforms can have unintended consequences and may actually exacerbate socioeconomic disparities rather than reduce them. Macedonia-Socioeconomic disparities 2. African Affairs : The Journal of the Royal African Society,, , , October In Mali faced a crisis disrupting nearly twenty years of democratization — a coup and rebel insurgency.

This article investigates policy priorities amongst rural Malians living on the border of state and rebel-controlled territory during the crisis.